Document Type : ResearchPaper

Authors

1 Aerospace research institute, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Aerospace research institute, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In this research, design and simulation of a single capillary injector and three-hole circular injector plate of a 10N Hydrazine monopropellant thruster were performed. Ansys Fluent software was used to simulate the injector and injector plate . Volume of fluid (VOF) method was used to simulate such a flow and turbulence was simulated by k-e model. The characteristics of the injector and injector plate including mass flow rate and average velocity in the injector nozzle were calculated by changing the inlet pressure. The results showed that the injector and the injector plate have the ability to supply the desired mass flow rate of the monopropellant thruster at a known design pressure. In fact the capillary injector has replaced swirl injector with hollow cone spray used in the previous version of this thruster. The dimension of the chamber was significantly reduced by using the capillary injector, which reduces both the volume of the expensive iridium catalyst and weight of the thruster.

Keywords