نرم افزار استخراج مشخصات فنی- اصلی ماهواره های مخابراتی زمین آهنگ

نوع مقاله: مقالة‌ تحقیقی‌ (پژوهشی‌)

نویسندگان

1 صنعتی خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی

2 دانشگاه صنعتی خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، دانشکده هوافضا، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در این مقاله ابزار "آزمین" معرفی شده است. این ابزار با استفاده از روش مطآ (مدل طراحی آماری) برای طراحی ماهواره‌های مخابراتی زمین آهنگ در آزمایشگاه تحقیقات فضایی طراحی، تهیه و ارائه شده است. ویژگی و هدف اصلی این نرم‌افزار، تعیین مشخصات فنی-مهندسی ماهواره در مدت زمان کوتاه با دقت قابل قبول است. مشخصات در سطح ماهواره شامل جرم، توان، ابعاد و هزینه هستند و در سطح زیرمجموعه شامل جرم، توان و پیشنهاد برای ترکیب المان‌های هر زیرمجموعه می‌باشند. استفاده از این نرم افزار سبب کاهش زمان و به تبع آن هزینه‌، خواهد شد.. در این مقاله سه بخش اصلی نرم افزار آزمین تشریح ‌شده‌ اند. پایگاه داده‌ی مورد استفاده در نرم افزار شامل 462 ماهواره مخابراتی ‏زمین آهنگ‏ از سال 2000 تا 2017 است. پس از تشریح بخش‌های مختلف نرم‌افزار، روابط استفاده شده در آن معرفی شده‌اند. ‏دقت "آزمین" به دو روش پیاده‌سازی و آماری صحه‌گذاری شده است. میانگین خطای نتایج به دست آمده 15% است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Software for Establishing Technical Specifications of GEO Communication Satellites

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehran Mirshams 1
  • Ehsan Zabihian 2
2 Aerospace Engineering Department, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran
چکیده [English]

This study introduces a new computer code termed AZMIN developed by Space Research Laboratory (SRL). This efficient tool which benefits from the Statistical Design Model (SDM) has been developed for the system design of GEO communication satellites. The main advantage of the AZMIN is to determine technical specification parameters of a satellite at both system and subsystem levels, with a high accuracy and time performance. System-level parameters encompass mass, power, dimension and cost; while, subsystem parameters contain mass, power, and solutions for components configurations of each subsystem. Actual computations of this tool are carried out by means of SDM, leading to a dramatic decrease in the conceptual design time and consequently, its cost. The database utilized is composed of records of 462 GEO communication satellites launched from the year 2000 to 2017. The accuracy of the AZMIN code is amply verified through an example and also a statistical method, demonstrating the mean error of approximately 15% in the obtained results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • AZMIN tool
  • Communication satellites
  • Geostationary orbit
  • Statistical design
  • Decreased design time

[1]   Wertz, J.R., Everett, D.F. and Puschell, J.J. Space Mission Engineering: The New SMAD: Microcosm Press, 2011.

[2]   Wertz, J.R. and Larson, W. J., "Space Mission Analysis and Design," Springer, 1992.

[3]   Fortescue, P., Swinerd, G. and Stark, J., Spacecraft Systems Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

[4]   Brown, C.D., Elements of Spacecraft Design, Aiaa, 2002.

[5]   Kosari, A., Fakoor, M., Vakilipour, S. and Bohlouri, V., "Development of a Systematic Design Approach for a Cubic Satellite Using Design Structure Matrix Method," Aerosapce Knowledge and Technology Journal, Vol. 4, 2015, pp. 33-45.

[6]   Jafarsalehi, A., Fazeley, H.R. and Mirshams, M. "Conceptual Remote Sensing Satellite Design Optimization under Uncertainty," Aerospace Science and Technology, Vol. 55, 2016, pp. 377-391.

[7]   Ortega, G., "The ESA's Space Trajectory Analysis Software Suite," 37th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 2008, p. 2302.

[8]   Ridolfi, G., Mooij, E. and Corpino, S., "A System Engineering Tool for the Design of Satellite Subsystems," AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, 2009, p. 6037.

[9]   Hughes, S.P., "General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT)," 2016.

[10]Hughes, S.P., R. Qureshi, H., Cooley, S. D. and Parker, J.J. "Verification and Validation of the General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT)," AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, 2014, p. 4151.

[11]Saghari, A., Mirshams, M. and Jafarsalehi, A., "Comprehensive Code of Remote Sensing Satellite Conceptual Design," Journal of Space Science and Technology, Vol. 7, 2014, pp. 35-47

[12]Paluszek, M.A. and Piper, G.E., "Spacecraft Attitude and Velocity Control System," ed: Google Patents, 1992.

[13]Murphy, D., McEachen, M., Macy, B. and Gaspar, J., "Demonstration of a 20-m Solar Sail System," 46th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, ed: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2005.

[14]Fakoor, M., Ghoreishi, S.M.N. and Sabaghzadeh, H. "Spacecraft Component Adaptive Layout Environment (SCALE): An Efficient Optimization Tool," Advances in Space Research, Vol. 58, 2016, pp. 1654-1670.

[15]Mason, R.L., Gunst, R.F. and Hess, J.L., Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments: with Applications to Engineering and Science, Vol. 474: John Wiley & Sons, 2003.

[16]Mirshams, M., Zabihian, A.R and Zabihian, E., "Statistical Design Model and Telecommunication Satellites Subsystems," Recent Advances in Space Technologies (RAST), 2013 6th International Conference on, 2013.

[17]Mirshams, M., Zabihian, E. and Zabihian, A.R. "Statistical Model of Power Supply Subsystem Satellite," Recent Advances in Space Technologies (RAST), 2013 6th International Conference on, 2013.

[18]Mirshams, M., Zabihian, E. and Zabihian, A.R. "Statistical Design Model (SDM) of Power Supply and Communication Satellite Subsystems," COSPAR 40th Moscow, 2014.

[19]Mirshams, M., Zabihian, E. and Zabihian, A., "Statistical Design Model (SDM) of Communication Satellites," Recent Advances in Space Technologies (RAST), 2015 7th International Conference on, 2015.

[20]Mirshams, M. and Zabihian, E., "Fast Determination of System Specifications of GEO Communication Satellites," Modares Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 17, 2017, pp. 404-412.

[21]Malladi, K.T., Minic, S.M., Karapetyan, D. and Punnen, A.P., "Satellite Constellation Image Acquisition Problem: A Case Study," Space Engineering: Modeling and Optimization with Case Studies, G. Fasano and J. D. Pintér, Eds., ed Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 177-197.

[22]Hand, D. J. Statistics: Sterling, 2010.

[23]Rambabu, E., Reddy, K. R., Kamala, V., Saidaiah, P. and Pandravada, S.R., "Correlation and Path Analysis for Quality, Yield and Yield Components in Yardlong Bean (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp.ssp. Sesquipedalis Verdc.)," Environment and Ecology, Vol. 34, 2016, pp. 1655-1661.

[24]Foreman, V., Le Moigne, J. and de Weck, O., "A Survey of Cost Estimating Methodologies for Distributed Spacecraft Missions," AIAA SPACE; Long Beach, , CA; United States, 2016.

[25]Shaw, H.C. McLaughlin, B. and Stocklin, F., "Applying a Space-Based Security Recovery Scheme for Critical Homeland Security Cyberinfrastructure Utilizing the NASA Tracking and Data Relay (TDRS) Based Space Network," IEEE Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security, MA; United States, 2015.

[26]Chelmins, D.T., Glenn Goddard TDRSS Waveform 1.1.3 On-Orbit Performance Report, Technical Report 20140008859, May 01, 2014.