مشارکت زیان دیده در ورود یا تشدید خسارت ناشی از اشیای فضایی

نوع مقاله: مقالة‌ تحقیقی‌ (پژوهشی‌)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل عمومی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

مشارکت زیان دیده از فعالیت‌های فضایی در ورود یا تشدید خسارت، در تعیین مسئولیت بین‌المللی ناشی از خسارت وارده تأثیرگذار است. این مشارکت که تنها در قبال خسارت‌های ناشی از اشیای فضایی که در مکانی غیر از فضای ماورای جو _زمین و هوا_ وارد می‌شود، پذیرفته شده است، بسته به میزان مشارکت زیان دیده، سبب کاهش یا معافیت از مسئولیت بین‌المللی خواهد شد. با این حال، در مواردی که خسارت به واسطه ارتکاب یک عمل مغایر حقوق بین‌الملل ایجاد می‌گردد، قاعده مزبور اعمال نخواهد شد. در راستای اعمال این قاعده، مشارکت زیان دیده اصلی که مسئولیت بین‌المللی در قبال ورود خسارت به آن مطرح می‌گردد، مدنظر قرار خواهد گرفت و مشارکت دولتی که در حمایت از تبعه خود اقدام می‌کند یا مشارکت دولت‌های عضو سازمان بین‌المللی زیان دیده در این خصوص مورد توجه قرار نمی‌گیرد. این مقاله تلاش دارد تا ضمن بررسی قاعده تأثیر مشارکت زیان دیده، مسائل مرتبط با این قاعده در حقوق بین‌الملل فضا را مورد مداقه و بررسی قرار دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effective Numerical Solution Parameters in Calculating the Roll Damping Coefficient

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Ghasem Zamani 1
  • vahid bazzar 2
1 Associate Professor of Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 P.H.D Student of International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

The contribution of injured person in creating or worsening the damage caused by space objects is important in determining the international liability for those. This contribution, which is accepted only in respect of damage caused by space objects located in places other than outer space -land orair- will reduce or eliminate the international liability, depending on the extent of the contribution of the injured person. However, in cases where damage is caused by an act contrary to the international laws, this rule will not apply. In order to apply this rule, the contribution of main injured person for the damages to whom theinternational responsibility will be considered, and the contribution of state which acted the diplomatic protection of its subject or the contribution of member states of the injured International Organization are not considered. In addition, examining the rule of the impact of contribution of injured person, this paper tries to examine the issues related to this rule in the international space law.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Contribution of injured person
  • Space law
  • International liability
  • Duty to mitigate
  • Assumption of risk

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